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Solution Manual (Complete Download) for DeGarmo’s Materials and Processes in Manufacturing, 11th Edition, J. T. Black, Ronald A. Kohser, ISBN : 9781118215135, ISBN : 9780470924679, Instantly Downloadable Solution Manual, Complete (ALL CHAPTERS) Solution Manual

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Solution Manual for DeGarmo’s Materials and Processes in Manufacturing, 11th Edition, J. T. Black, Ronald A. Kohser, ISBN : 9781118215135, ISBN : 9780470924679

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Downloadable Instructor’s Solution Manual for DeGarmo’s Materials and Processes in Manufacturing, 11th Edition, J. T. Black, Ronald A. Kohser, ISBN : 9781118215135, ISBN : 9780470924679, Instructor’s Solution Manual (Complete) Download

You are buying Solution Manual. A Solution Manual is step by step solutions of end of chapter questions in the text book. Solution manual offers the complete detailed answers to every question in textbook at the end of chapter. Please download sample for your confidential.

Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1 Introduction to DeGarmo’s Materials and Processes in Manufacturing 1

1.1 Materials, Manufacturing, and the Standard of Living 1

1.2 Manufacturing and Production Systems 3

Case Study Famous Manufacturing Engineers 28

Chapter 2 Manufacturing Systems Design 30

2.1 Introduction 30

2.2 Manufacturing Systems 30

2.3 Control of the Manufacturing System 32

2.4 Classification of Manufacturing Systems 33

2.5 Summary of Factory Designs 49

Case Study Jury Duty for an Engineer 58

Chapter 3 Properties of Materials 59

3.1 Introduction 59

3.2 Static Properties 61

3.3 Dynamic Properties 74

3.4 Temperature Effects (Both High and Low) 79

3.5 Machinability, Formability, and Weldability 83

3.6 Fracture Toughness and the Fracture Mechanics Approach 83

3.7 Physical Properties 85

3.8 Testing Standards and Testing Concerns 85

Case Study Separation of Mixed Materials 88

Chapter 4 Nature of Metals and Alloys 89

4.1 Structure-Property-Processing-Performance Relationships 89

4.2 The Structure of Atoms 90

4.3 Atomic Bonding 90

4.4 Secondary Bonds 92

4.5 Atom Arrangements in Materials 92

4.6 Crystal Structures of Metals 93

4.7 Development of a Grain Structure 94

4.8 Elastic Deformation 95

4.9 Plastic Deformation 96

4.10 Dislocation Theory of Slippage 97

4.11 Strain Hardening or Work Hardening 98

4.12 Plastic Deformation in Polycrystalline Metals 99

4.13 Grain Shape and Anisotropic Properties 100

4.14 Fracture of Metals 101

4.15 Cold Working, Recrystallization, and Hot Working 101

4.16 Grain Growth 102

4.17 Alloys and Alloy Types 102

4.18 Atomic Structure and Electrical Properties 103

Chapter 5 Equilibrium Phase Diagrams and the Iron-Carbon System 106

5.1 Introduction 106

5.2 Phases 106

5.3 Equilibrium Phase Diagrams 106

5.4 Iron-Carbon Equilibrium Diagram 114

5.5 Steels and the Simplified Iron-Carbon Diagram 116

5.6 Cast Irons 117

Case Study Fish Hooks 120

Chapter 6 Heat Treatment 121

6.1 Introduction 121

6.2 Processing Heat Treatments 122

6.3 Heat Treatments Used to Increase Strength 125

6.4 Strengthening Heat Treatments for Nonferrous Metals 125

6.5 Strengthening Heat Treatments for Steel 128

6.6 Surface Hardening of Steel 143

6.7 Furnaces 145

6.8 Heat Treatment and Energy 147

Case Study A Carpenter’s Claw Hammer 150

Chapter 7 Ferrous Metals and Alloys 152

7.1 Introduction to History-Dependent Materials 152

7.2 Ferrous Metals 152

7.3 Iron 153

7.4 Steel 154

7.5 Stainless Steels 168

7.6 Tool Steels 171

7.7 Cast Irons 173

7.8 Cast Steels 178

7.9 The Role of Processing on Cast Properties 179

Case Study The Paper Clip 181

Chapter 8 Nonferrous Metals and Alloys 182

8.1 Introduction 182

8.2 Copper and Copper Alloys 183

8.3 Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys 188

8.4 Magnesium and Magnesium Alloys 196

8.5 Zinc and Zinc Alloys 198

8.6 Titanium and Titanium Alloys 199

8.7 Nickel-Based Alloys 201

8.8 Superalloys, Refractory Metals, and Other Materials Designed for High-Temperature Service 201

8.9 Lead and Tin, and Their Alloys 203

8.10 Some Lesser-Known Metals and Alloys 204

8.11 Metallic Glasses 204

8.12 Graphite 205

Case Study Hip Replacement Prosthetics 207

Chapter 9 Nonmetallic Materials: Plastics, Elastomers, Ceramics, and Composites 208

9.1 Introduction 208

9.2 Plastics 209

9.3 Elastomers 222

9.4 Ceramics 224

9.5 Composite Materials 234

Case Study Lightweight Armor 247

Chapter 10 Material Selection 248

10.1 Introduction 248

10.2 Material Selection and Manufacturing Processes 252

10.3 The Design Process 252

10.4 Approaches to Material Selection 253

10.5 Additional Factors to Consider 256

10.6 Consideration of the Manufacturing Process 258

10.7 Ultimate Objective 258

10.8 Materials Substitution 260

10.9 Effect of Product Liability on Materials Selection 261

10.10 Aids to Material Selection 262

Case Study Material Selection 266

Chapter 11 Fundamentals of Casting 267

11.1 Introduction to Materials Processing 267

11.2 Introduction to Casting 269

11.3 Casting Terminology 270

11.4 The Solidification Process 271

11.5 Patterns 281

11.6 Design Considerations in Castings 284

11.7 The Casting Industry 287

Case Study The Cast Oil-Field Fitting 290

Chapter 12 Expendable-Mold Casting Processes 291

12.1 Introduction 291

12.2 Sand Casting 292

12.3 Cores and Core Making 307

12.4 Other Expendable-Mold Processes with Multiple-Use Patterns 311

12.5 Expendable-Mold Processes Using Single-Use Patterns 313

12.6 Shakeout, Cleaning, and Finishing 320

12.7 Summary 320

Case Study Movable and Fixed Jaw Pieces for a Heavy-Duty Bench Vise 322

Chapter 13 Multiple-Use-Mold Casting Processes 323

13.1 Introduction 323

13.2 Permanent-Mold Casting 323

13.3 Die Casting 327

13.4 Squeeze Casting and Semisolid Casting 331

13.5 Centrifugal Casting 333

13.6 Continuous Casting 335

13.7 Melting 336

13.8 Pouring Practice 339

13.9 Cleaning, Finishing, and Heat Treating of Castings 339

13.10 Automation in Foundry Operations 341

13.11 Process Selection 341

Case Study Baseplate for a Household Steam Iron 344

Chapter 14 Fabrication of Plastics, Ceramics, and Composites 345

14.1 Introduction 345

14.2 Fabrication of Plastics 345

14.3 Processing of Rubber and Elastomers 359

14.4 Processing of Ceramics 360

14.5 Fabrication of Composite Materials 364

Case Study Automotive and Light Truck Fuel Tanks 378

Chapter 15 Fundamentals of Metal Forming 379

15.1 Introduction 379

15.2 Forming Processes: Independent Variables 380

15.3 Dependent Variables 382

15.4 Independent-Dependent Relationships 382

15.5 Process Modeling 383

15.6 General Parameters 384

15.7 Friction and Lubrication Under Metalworking Conditions 385

15.8 Temperature Concerns 387

15.9 Formability 395

Case Study Interior Tub of a Top-Loading Washing Machine 397

Chapter 16 Bulk-Forming Processes 398

16.1 Introduction 398

16.2 Classification of Deformation Processes 398

16.3 Bulk Deformation Processes 399

16.4 Rolling 399

16.5 Forging 406

16.6 Extrusion 418

16.7 Wire, Rod, and Tube Drawing 424

16.8 Cold Forming, Cold Forging, and Impact Extrusion 427

16.9 Piercing 431

16.10 Other Squeezing Processes 432

16.11 Surface Improvement by Deformation Processing 434

Case Study Handle and Body of a Large Ratchet Wrench 439

Chapter 17 Sheet-Forming Processes 440

17.1 Introduction 440

17.2 Shearing Operations 440

17.3 Bending 449

17.4 Drawing and Stretching Processes 456

17.5 Alternative Methods of Producing Sheet-Type Products 471

17.6 Pipe Manufacture 472

17.7 Presses 472

Case Study Automotive Body Panels 480

Chapter 18 Powder Metallurgy 481

18.1 Introduction 481

18.2 The Basic Process 482

18.3 Powder Manufacture 483

18.4 Microcrystalline and Amorphous Material Produced by Rapid Cooling 484

18.5 Powder Testing and Evaluation 484

18.6 Powder Mixing and Blending 485

18.7 Compacting 485

18.8 Sintering 489

18.9 Recent Advances in Sintering 490

18.10 Hot-Isostatic Pressing 491

18.11 Other Techniques to Produce High-Density Powder Metallurgy Products 492

18.12 Metal Injection Molding or Powder Injection Molding 493

18.13 Secondary Operations 495

18.14 Properties of Powder Metallurgy Products 497

18.15 Design of Powder Metallurgy Parts 498

18.16 Powder Metallurgy Products 499

18.17 Advantages and Disadvantages of Powder Metallurgy 501

18.18 Process Summary 502

Case Study Steering Gear for a Riding Lawn Mower/Garden Tractor 506

Chapter 19 Additive Processes: Rapid Prototyping and Direct-Digital Manufacturing 507

19.1 Introduction 507

19.2 Rapid Prototyping and Direct-Digital Manufacturing 508

19.3 Layerwise Manufacturing 510

19.4 Liquid-Based Processes 514

19.5 Powder-Based Processes 517

19.6 Deposition-Based Processes 521

19.7 Uses and Applications 524

19.8 Pros, Cons, and Current and Future Trends 528

19.9 Economic Considerations 529

Chapter 20 Fundamentals of Machining/Orthogonal Machining 533

20.1 Introduction 533

20.2 Fundamentals 533

20.3 Forces and Power in Machining 541

20.4 Orthogonal Machining (Two Forces) 547

20.5 Chip Thickness Ratio 551

20.6 Mechanics of Machining (Statics) 553

20.7 Shear Strain, g, and Shear Front Angle 555

20.8 Mechanics of Machining (Dynamics) 557

20.9 Summary 564

Case Study Orthogonal Plate Machining Experiment at Auburn University 568

Chapter 21 Cutting Tools for Machining 569

21.1 Introduction 569

21.2 Cutting Tool Materials 573

21.3 Tool Geometry 587

21.4 Tool-Coating Processes 589

21.5 Tool Failure and Tool Life 592

21.6 Flank Wear 593

21.7 Cutting Fluids 599

21.8 Economics of Machining 600

Case Study Comparing Tool Materials Based on Tool Life 608

Chapter 22 Turning and Boring Processes 609

22.1 Introduction 609

22.2 Fundamentals of Turning, Boring, and Facing Turning 611

22.3 Lathe Design and Terminology 617

22.4 Cutting Tools for Lathes 625

22.5 Workholding in Lathes 629

Case Study Estimating the Machining Time for Turning 636

Chapter 23 Drilling and Related Hole-Making Processes 637

23.1 Introduction 637

23.2 Fundamentals of the Drilling Process 638

23.3 Types of Drills 640

23.4 Tool Holders for Drills 652

23.5 Workholding for Drilling 654

23.6 Machine Tools for Drilling 654

23.7 Cutting Fluids for Drilling 657

23.8 Counterboring, Countersinking, and Spot Facing 659

23.9 Reaming 659

Case Study Bolt-down Leg on a Casting 664

Chapter 24 Milling 665

24.1 Introduction 665

24.2 Fundamentals of Milling Processes 665

24.3 Milling Tools and Cutters 672

24.4 Machines for Milling 678

Case Study HSS versus Tungsten Carbide Milling 685

Chapter 25 Sawing, Broaching, and Other Machining Processes 686

25.1 Introduction 686

25.2 Introduction to Sawing 686

25.3 Introduction to Broaching 694

25.4 Fundamentals of Broaching 695

25.5 Broaching Machines 703

25.6 Introduction to Shaping and Planing 704

25.7 Introduction to Filing 709

Case Study Cost Estimating-Planing vs. Milling 713

Chapter 26 Abrasive Machining Processes 714

26.1 Introduction 714

26.2 Abrasives 715

26.3 Grinding Wheel Structure and Grade 721

26.4 Grinding Wheel Identification 726

26.5 Grinding Machines 730

26.6 Honing 738

26.7 Superfinishing 740

26.8 Free Abrasives 742

26.9 Design Considerations In Grinding 746

Case Study Process Planning for the MfE 748

Chapter 27 Workholding Devices for Machine Tools 749

27.1 Introduction 749

27.2 Conventional Fixture Design 749

27.3 Tool Design Steps 752

27.4 Clamping Considerations 753

27.5 Chip Disposal 755

27.6 Unloading and Loading Time 756

27.7 Example of Jig Design 756

27.8 Types of Jigs 758

27.9 Conventional Fixtures 759

27.10 Modular Fixturing 761

27.11 Setup and Changeover 763

27.12 Clamps 765

27.13 Other Workholding Devices 766

27.14 Economic Justification of Jigs and Fixtures 769

Case Study Fixture versus No Fixture in Milling 774

Chapter 28 Nontraditional Manufacturing Processes 775

28.1 Introduction 775

28.2 Chemical Machining Processes 777

28.3 Electrochemical Machining Processes 783

28.4 Electrical Discharge Machining 790

Case Study Vented Cap Screws 802

Chapter 29 Lean Engineering 803

29.1 Introduction 803

29.2 The Lean Engineer 803

29.3 The Lean Production System 804

29.4 Linked-Cell Manufacturing System Design Rules 804

29.5 Manufacturing System Designs 806

29.6 Preliminary Steps to Lean Production 808

29.7 Methodology for Implementation of Lean Production 808

29.8 Design Rule MT < CT 823 29.9 Decouplers 825 29.10 Integrating Production Control 828 29.11 Integrating Inventory Control 832 29.12 Lean Manufacturing Cell Design 833 29.13 Machine Tool Design for Lean Manufacturing Cells 838 29.14 L-CMS Strategy 841 Case Study Cycle Time for a Manufacturing Cell 844 Chapter 30 Fundamentals of Joining 845 30.1 Introduction to Consolidation Processes 845 30.2 Classification of Welding and Thermal Cutting Processes 846 30.3 Some Common Concerns 847 30.4 Types of Fusion Welds and Types of Joints 847 30.5 Design Considerations 850 30.6 Heat Effects 850 30.7 Weldability or Joinability 857 30.8 Summary 858 Chapter 31 Gas Flame and Arc Processes 860 31.1 Oxyfuel-Gas Welding 860 31.2 Oxygen Torch Cutting 864 31.3 Flame Straightening 866 31.4 Arc Welding 867 31.5 Consumable-Electrode Arc Welding 869 31.6 Nonconsumable-Electrode Arc Welding 877 31.7 Welding Equipment 882 31.8 Arc Cutting 884 31.9 Metallurgical and Heat Effects in Thermal Cutting 886 Case Study Bicycle Frame Construction and Repair 888 Chapter 32 Resistance- and Solid-State Welding Processes 890 32.1 Introduction 890 32.2 Theory of Resistance Welding 890 32.3 Resistance-Welding Processes 893 32.4 Advantages and Limitations of Resistance Welding 898 32.5 Solid-State Welding Processes 899 Case Study Manufacture of an Automobile Muffler 909 Chapter 33 Other Welding Processes, Brazing, and Soldering 910 33.1 Introduction 910 33.2 Other Welding and Cutting Processes 910 33.3 Surface Modification by Welding-Related Processes 919 33.4 Brazing 922 33.5 Soldering 931 Case Study Impeller of a Pharmaceutical Company Industrial Shredder/Disposal 937 Chapter 34 Adhesive Bonding, Mechanical Fastening, and Joining of Nonmetals 938 34.1 Adhesive Bonding 938 34.2 Mechanical Fastening 947 34.3 Joining of Plastics 951 34.4 Joining of Ceramics and Glass 953 34.5 Joining of Composites 954 Case Study Golf Club Heads with Insert 956 Chapter 35 Measurement and Inspection 958 35.1 Introduction 958 35.2 Standards of Measurement 959 35.3 Allowance and Tolerance 964 35.4 Inspection Methods for Measurement 971 35.5 Measuring Instruments 973 35.6 Vision Systems for Measurement 982 35.7 Coordinate Measuring Machines 983 35.8 Angle-Measuring Instruments 984 35.9 Gages for Attributes Measuring 986 Case Study Measuring An Angle 993 Chapter 36 Quality Engineering 994 36.1 Introduction 994 36.2 Determining Process Capability 996 36.3 Introduction to Statistical Quality Control 1004 36.4 Sampling Errors 1008 36.5 Gage Capability 1009 36.6 Just in Time/Total Quality Control 1010 36.7 Six Sigma 1021 36.8 Summary 1024 Case Study Boring QC Chart Blunders 1029 Chapter 37 Surface Engineering 1030 37.1 Introduction 1030 37.2 Abrasive Cleaning and Finishing 1040 37.3 Chemical Cleaning 1045 37.4 Coatings 1048 37.5 Vaporized Metal Coatings 1058 37.6 Clad Materials 1058 37.7 Textured Surfaces 1058 37.8 Coil-Coated Sheets 1059 37.9 Edge Finishing and Burrs 1059 Case Study Dana Lynn’s Fatigue Lesson 1064 Chapter 38 Micro/Meso/Nano Fabrication Processes 1067 38.1 Introduction 1067 38.2 Additive Processes 1068 38.3 Metrology at the Micro/Meso/Nano Level 1083 Chapter 39 Manufacturing Automation 1086 39.1 Introduction 1086 39.2 The A(4) Level of Automation 1092 39.3 A(5) Evaluation or Adaptive Control 1101 39.4 A(6) Level of Automation and Beyond 1103 39.5 Robotics 1105 39.6 Computer-Integrated Manufacturing Automation 1113 39.7 Computer-Aided Design 1114 39.8 Computer-Aided Manufacturing 1117 39.9 Summary 1118 Chapter 40 NC/CNC Processes and Adaptive Control: A(4) and A(5) Levels of Automation 1122 40.1 Introduction 1122 40.2 Basic Principles of Numerical Control 1122 40.3 Machining Center Features and Trends 1136 40.4 Ultra-High-Speed Machining Centers 1139 40.5 Summary 1140 Chapter 41 Microelectric Manufacturing and Assembly 1144 41.1 Introduction 1144 41.2 How Electronic Products Are Made 1144 41.3 Semiconductors 1145 41.4 How Integrated Circuits Are Made 1146 41.5 How the Silicon Wafer Is Made 1149 41.6 Fabricating Integrated Circuits on Silicon Wafers 1150 41.7 Thin-Film Deposition 1157 41.8 Integrated Circuit Packaging 1163 41.9 Printed Circuit Boards 1170 41.10 Electronic Assembly 1175 Chapter 42 Thread and Gear Manufacturing 1181 42.1 Introduction 1181 42.2 Thread Making 1186 42.3 Internal Thread CuttingTapping 1190 42.4 Thread Milling 1193 42.5 Thread Grinding 1195 42.6 Thread Rolling 1195 42.7 Gear Making 1197 42.8 Gear Types 1200 42.9 Gear Manufacturing 1202 42.10 Machining of Gears 1203 42.11 Gear Finishing 1210 42.12 Gear Inspection 1212 Chapter 43 Nondestructive Inspection and Testing 1215 43.1 Destructive versus Nondestructive Testing 1215 (web-based chapter) 43.2 Other Methods of Nondestructive Testing and Inspection 1226 Chapter 44 The Enterprise (Production Systems) 1230 (web-based chapter) 44.1 Introduction 1230 44.2 Axiomatic Design of Systems 1231 44.3 Enterprise System Design Principles 1232 44.4 Functional Areas in the Production System 1235 44.5 Human Resources (Personnel) Department 1240 Index I-2 Selected References for Additional Study S1