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Solution Manual (Complete Download) for Biomaterials: The Intersection of Biology and Materials Science, 1st Edition, Johnna S. Temenoff, Antonios G. Mikos, ISBN-10: 0130097101, ISBN-13: 9780130097101, Instantly Downloadable Solution Manual, Complete (ALL CHAPTERS) Solution Manual

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Antonios G. Mikos · Johnna S. Temenoff


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Solution Manual for Biomaterials: The Intersection of Biology and Materials Science, 1st Edition, Johnna S. Temenoff, Antonios G. Mikos, ISBN-10: 0130097101, ISBN-13: 9780130097101

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Downloadable Instructor’s Solution Manual for Biomaterials: The Intersection of Biology and Materials Science, 1st Edition, Johnna S. Temenoff, Antonios G. Mikos, ISBN-10: 0130097101, ISBN-13: 9780130097101, Instructor’s Solution Manual (Complete) Download

You are buying Solution Manual. A Solution Manual is step by step solutions of end of chapter questions in the text book. Solution manual offers the complete detailed answers to every question in textbook at the end of chapter. Please download sample for your confidential.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Materials for Biomedical Applications                                                  1-1

1.1.               Introduction to biomaterials                                                                     1-2

1.1.1.            Important definitions                                                                                1-2

1.1.2.            History and current status of the field                                                    1-4

1.1.3             Future directions                                                                                     1-7

1.2.               Biological response to biomaterials                                                         1-8

1.3.               Biomaterial product testing and FDA approval                                        1-10

1.4.               Types of biomaterials                                                                               1-11

1.4.1.            Metals                                                                                                     1-11

1.4.2.            Ceramics                                                                                                 1-11

1.4.3.            Polymers                                                                                                 1-12

1.4.4.            Naturally-derived vs. synthetic polymers                                                 1-13

1.5.               Processing of biomaterials                                                                        1-15

1.6.               Important properties of biomaterials                                                         1-16

1.6.1.            Degradative properties of biomaterials                                                      1-16

1.6.2.            Surface properties of biomaterials                                                            1-17

1.6.3.            Bulk properties of biomaterials                                                                 1-19

1.6.4.            Characterization techniques                                                                      1-20

1.7.               Principles of chemistry                                                                             1-21

1.7.1.            Atomic structure                                                                                      1-22

1.7.2.            Atomic models                                                                                        1-22

1.7.2.1.         Bohr model                                                                                             1-23

1.7.2.2.         Wave-mechanical model                                                                          1-23

1.7.3.            Atomic orbitals                                                                                        1-24

1.7.3.1.         Shapes of orbitals                                                                                    1-24

1.7.3.2.         Order of subshells and the Aufbau principle                                              1-24

1.7.4.            Valence electrons and the periodic table                                                   1-26

1.7.5.            Ionic bonding                                                                                           1-27

1.7.5.1.         Bonding and force-distance curves                                                           1-27

1.7.5.2.         Characteristics of the ionic bond                                                               1-28

1.7.6.            Covalent bonding                                                                                     1-29

1.7.6.1.         Atomic orbitals and hybridization                                                              1-30

1.7.6.2.         Molecular orbitals                                                                                    1-32

1.7.6.3.         Mixed bonds                                                                                           1-33

1.7.7.            Metallic bonding                                                                                      1-34

1.7.8.            Secondary forces                                                                                     1-34

1.8.               Summary                                                                                                 1-35

1.9.               Problems                                                                                                 1-37

1.10.             Tables                                                                                                     1-39

1.11.             Figures                                                                                                    1-44

1.12.             References                                                                                              1-70

1.13.             Additional reading                                                                                    1-72

Chapter 2:  Chemical Structure of Biomaterials                                                      2-1

2.1.               Introduction: Bonding and the structure of biomaterials                              2-2

2.2.               Structure of Metals                                                                                  2-2

2.2.1.            Crystal Structures                                                                                    2-2

2.2.1.1.         Face-centered cubic structure                                                                  2-3

2.2.1.2.         Body-centered cubic structure                                                                 2-5

2.2.2.            Crystal systems                                                                                        2-6

2.2.3.            Defects in crystal structures                                                                      2-10

2.2.3.1.         Point defects                                                                                            2-10

2.2.3.2.         Impurities                                                                                                2-11

2.2.4.            Solid state diffusion                                                                                 2-14

2.2.4.1.         Diffusion mechanisms                                                                             2-14

2.2.4.2.         Modeling of diffusion                                                                               2-15

2.3.               Structure of Ceramics                                                                             2-18

2.3.1.            Crystal structures                                                                                     2-19

2.3.1.1.         AX crystal structures                                                                               2-20

2.3.1.2.         AmXp crystal structures                                                                          2-20

2.3.1.3.         Carbon-based materials                                                                           2-21

2.3.2.            Defects in crystal structures                                                                    2-22

2.3.2.1.         Point defects                                                                                            2-22

2.3.2.2.         Impurities                                                                                                2-24

2.4.               Structure of polymers                                                                               2-24

2.4.1.            General structure                                                                                     2-25

2.4.1.1.         Repeat units                                                                                             2-25

2.4.1.2.         Molecular weight determination                                                                2-26

2.4.1.3.         Mer configuration                                                                                    2-30

2.4.1.4.         Polymer structure                                                                                     2-32

2.4.2.            Polymer synthesis                                                                                    2-34

2.4.2.1.         Addition polymerization                                                                           2-34

2.4.2.2.         Condensation polymerization                                                                    2-36

2.4.2.3.         Polymer production via genetic engineering                                               2-36

2.4.3.            Copolymers                                                                                             2-37

2.4.4.            Methods of polymerization                                                                       2-39

2.4.5.            Crystal structures and defects                                                                   2-41

2.4.5.1.         Crystal structures                                                                                     2-41

2.4.5.2.         Point defects and impurities                                                                      2-41

2.5.               Techniques: Introduction to material characterization                                 2-41

2.5.1.            X-ray diffraction                                                                                      2-43

2.5.1.1.         Basic principles                                                                                        2-43

2.5.1.2.         Instrumentation                                                                                        2-45

2.5.1.3.         Information provided                                                                               2-46

2.5.2.            Ultra-violet and visible light spectroscopy (UV-VIS)                                2-46

2.5.2.1.         Basic principles                                                                                        2-46

2.5.2.2.         Instrumentation                                                                                        2-47

2.5.2.3.         Information provided                                                                               2-48

2.5.3.            Infra-red spectroscopy (IR)                                                                     2-50

2.5.3.1.         Basic principles                                                                                        2-50

2.5.3.2.         Instrumentation                                                                                        2-50

2.5.3.3.         Information provided                                                                               2-51

2.5.4.            Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR)                                   2-52

2.5.4.1.         Basic principles                                                                                        2-52

2.5.4.2.         Instrumentation                                                                                        2-54

2.5.4.3.         Information provided                                                                               2-55

2.5.5.            Mass spectrometry                                                                                  2-55

2.5.5.1.         Basic principles                                                                                        2-55

2.5.5.2.         Instrumentation                                                                                        2-56

2.5.5.3.         Information provided                                                                               2-57

2.5.6.                        High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC):

size-exclusion chromatography                                                                 2-57

2.5.6.1.         Basic principles                                                                                        2-58

2.5.6.2.         Instrumentation                                                                                        2-58

2.5.6.3.         Information provided                                                                               2-60

2.6.               Summary                                                                                                 2-62

2.7.               Problems                                                                                                 2-64

2.8.               Tables                                                                                                     2-69

2.9.               Figures                                                                                                    2-79

2.10.             References                                                                                              2-148

2.11.             Additional reading                                                                                    2-149

Chapter 3: Physical Properties of Biomaterials                                                       3-1

3.1.               Introduction: From atomic groupings to bulk materials                               3-2

3.2.               Crystallinity and linear defects                                                                  3-2

3.2.1.            Dislocations                                                                                             3-3

3.2.1.1.         Edge dislocations                                                                                     3-3

3.2.1.2.         Screw and mixed dislocations                                                                  3-4

3.2.1.3.         Characteristics of dislocations                                                                  3-4

3.2.2.            Deformation                                                                                            3-6

3.3.               Crystallinity and planar defects                                                                 3-8

3.3.1.            External surface                                                                                       3-8

3.3.2.            Grain boundaries                                                                                     3-9

3.4.               Crystallinity and volume defects                                                                3-12

3.5.               Crystallinity and polymeric materials                                                         3-13

3.5.1.            Percent crystallinity                                                                                  3-14

3.5.2.            Chain folded model of crystallinity                                                            3-16

3.5.3.            Defects in polymer crystals                                                                       3-17

3.5.3.1.         Linear defects                                                                                          3-17

3.5.3.2.         Planar and volume defects                                                                        3-18

3.6.               Thermal transitions of crystalline and non-crystalline materials                    3-18

3.6.1.            Viscous flow                                                                                            3-18

3.6.2.            Thermal transitions                                                                                   3-19

3.6.2.1.         Metals and crystalline ceramics                                                                3-19

3.6.2.2.         Amorphous ceramics (glasses)                                                                 3-19

3.6.2.3.         Polymers                                                                                                 3-20

3.7.               Techniques: Introduction to Thermal Analysis                                           3-26

3.7.1.            Differential Scanning Calorimetry                                                              3-27

3.7.1.1.         Basic principles                                                                                        3-27

3.7.1.2.         Instrumentation                                                                                        3-27

3.7.1.3.         Information provided                                                                               3-28

3.8.               Summary                                                                                                 3-30

3.9.               Problems                                                                                                 3-32

3.10.             Tables                                                                                                     3-35

3.11.             Figures                                                                                                    3-38

3.12.             References                                                                                              3-63

3.13.             Additional reading                                                                                    3-64

Chapter 4: Mechanical Properties of Biomaterials                                                 4-1

4.1.               Introduction: Modes of mechanical testing                                                4-3

4.2.               Mechanical testing methods, results and calculations                                 4-3

4.2.1.            Tensile and shear properties                                                                     4-4

4.2.1.1.         Calculations for tensile and shear tests                                                      4-4

4.2.1.2.         Stress-strain curves and elastic deformation                                              4-5

4.2.1.3.         Molecular causes of elastic deformation                                                    4-8

4.2.1.4.         Stress-strain curves and plastic deformation                                              4-8

4.2.1.5.         Molecular causes of plastic deformation                                                   4-16

4.2.1.5.1.      Metals and crystalline ceramics                    Â